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why don't sunnis mourn in muharram

However, in recent years, some Shia clerics have been discouraging the bloodletting, saying it creates a backward and negative image of their community. Some in the Shia community resort to flagellating themselves with chains and the blunt ends of swords.

[6] Following the battle of Karbala, Muhammad's granddaughter Zaynab bint Ali and sister of Imam Husayn, began mourning for the fallen and making speeches against Imam Husayn ibn Ali's opponents: Ibn Ziyad and Yazid I. Muawiya was succeeded by his son Yazid. There is mourning among Ahl-e-Sunnat wal Jamaa'ah, as well as they remember Ahl-e-Bayt, and in particular Imaam Hussein, as well as the Sahaabahs, through talks across masjids (mosques) during the first 10 days of Muharram-ul-Haraam. These rituals include the memorial services (majalis al-ta'ziya), the visitation of Husayn's tomb in Karbala particularly on the occasion of the tenth day of Ashura and the fortieth day after the battle (Ziyarat Ashura and ziyarat al-Arba'in), the public mourning processions (al-mawakib al-husayniyya or the representation of the battle of Karbala in the form of a play (the shabih), and the flagellation (tatbir).

Afghanistan’s Shia commemorate Ashura Day, Explained: Donald Trump’s legal claims in contested states, Fed chief’s wishlist for economy: More stimulus and mask-wearing, Facebook bans Pro-Trump group for threats of violence, As US awaits election results, COVID-19 cases keep mounting, Biden calls for calm, Trump repeats unproven fraud claim: Live. An Alam consists of flexible steel plates placed at the upper part of it. This is intended to exemplify the suffering Imam al-Hussein experienced shortly before his beheading. Acts of flagellation are a symbolic reenacting of the blood-shedding of Husayn ibn Ali.

In the ninth century, lamentation and wailing became propounded as a mourning tradition. During Imam Al-Mustansir Billah's (d. 427/1094) era, the 18th Ismaili Imam, audiences were encouraged to explicitly express sorrow and tears on the occasion of ʿAashura as written in the majalis authored by Syedna Al-Mu'ayyad fi'l-Din al-Shirazi (470/1078). [36], One of the most important and symbolic objects used at mourning rituals is the Alam. Also, an Alam is decorated by plumes and fine embroidered silks and brocades. [15][17][18], The type of mourning of Muharram varies between branches of Shia, Sunni, and different ethnic groups.[19]. Storytelling, weeping and chest beating, wearing black, partial fasting, street processions, and re-enactments of the Battle of Karbala form the crux of the observances. [15], The event is observed by many Sunnis[citation needed], but to a lesser extent, and as a time of remembrance, rather than mourning[citation needed]. The event marks the anniversary of the Battle of Karbala (AD 680/AH 61), when Imam Hussein ibn Ali, a grandson of Prophet Muhammad, was martyred by the forces of the second Umayyad caliph.

Shia Muslims mourn during Muharram, although Sunnis do so to a much lesser extent. The Prophet Muhammad used to fast on Ashoura in Mecca, where it became a common tradition for the early Muslims. They were called Shia, which means “the supporters” in Arabic.

Storytelling, weeping and chest beating, wearing black, partial fasting, street processions, and re-enactments of the Battle of Karbala form the crux of the observances. [21], The Arabic term matam refers in general to an act or gesture of mourning; in Shia Islam the term designates acts of lamentation for the martyrs of Karbala. [6], Depending on the condition of society, the Muharram processions changes from one city to another. [22] Male and female participants congregate in public for ceremonial chest beating (matam- سینہ زنی) as a display of their devotion to Imam Husayn and in remembrance of his suffering.

[16]:120 Observance has since spread to countries such as India, Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Syria, Nigeria, Tanzania, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh, Yemen, Bahrain, Azerbaijan and Lebanon.

Here some photos of how Muslims mourn on Muharram: Covid pandemic offers a chance to construct better buildings for future. Ashoura is marked on the 10th day of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar, by all Muslims. [28] Taziyas were popular through the Qajar dynasty until the early twentieth century, but the re-enactments slowly declined until they were mostly abandoned in the large cities by the early 1940s. Isa(as) sat down and began to weep. [29], By increasing the number of shia Muslim in cities and states, mourning of muharram’s ritual changed to a more elaborate form.

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